2017. primary and secondary school. freising. germany
Carmen Espegel, Concha Fisac, Fernando Casqueiro, PROAP (Joao Nunes) Landscaping
TEAM MEMBERS: Andrea Gimeno, Borja Ganzabal, Eva Niño, José Luis Castro, Harriet Camacho, Maike HübnerOur proposal for the new Educational Center on General von Stein Street, in a newly built neighborhood on the outskirts of Freising, is a large building with more than 32,000 m2, housing two differentiated programs, primary and secondary education, each of them with capacity for about 600 children. It is located on a plot of 14,000 m2, irregularly shaped and with a remarkable difference of 12 meters between its vertices NO and SE, surrounded by collective houses in small isolated blocks.
Strategies. The new school dialogues with the surrounding urban fabric. It approaches the North and East limits of the plot and moves away from the South and West boundaries, leaving a wide-open garden space to the South and West in continuity with the existing park. The complex and elaborated program of the new Center distinguishes precisely between the needs of primary and secondary school students. The building is conceived as two specialized centers (one for each educational level) that share a series of common services and facilities: dining and kitchen area, covered sports area and library area. The enclosures destined to collective and common activities are arranged in a base that fits the perimeter of the plot and is articulated around a "forum" or inner street that runs throughout its length adapting to the topography with ramps and stands. On its garden deck intended for playgrounds and sports courts are arranged vertically the two classrooms, one for each "school age", as exempt buildings that receive natural light from its four fronts. The control of the energy consumption entails a refined adjustment of the size and position of the windows and the construction of the enclosures. The concrete base lined with thick thermal insulation is coated with galvanized steel sheet. The classrooms buildings are finished in wood. Our proposal thus plans a certain form of balance between the built and free spaces, between the private and public spaces, between the individual and the collective, between horizontal and vertical building, between steel and wood, which are eloquent of the enlightened ideal that animates contemporary education in Germany.
Conclusions. Strengths of the proposal. Urban order:liberate much of the southern part of the plot to be used for collective sporting uses in continuity with the existing park. Alignment to Weinmiller Street to complete the entrance to the new neighborhood. Direct access to the forum through the new square that the school gives to the city. Internal organization: to overcome the notion of "circulation space" characteristic of the "directed" education proper to the 20th century and to propose a new "space of relationship", suitable for teamwork and self-formation, typical of 21st century education. The interior space around the forum is the backbone of the new "Educational Center", designed as a meeting and study space. Construction: exhaustive control of new construction paradigms based on air quality, lighting, acoustics and energy consume reduction. Character: open, adaptable and dialogue that is expected of contemporary education and the spaces that host it.