2017. housing in jägerhof barracks in ludwigsburg. germany
Carmen Espegel, Concha Fisac y Gustavo Rojas
TEAM MEMBERS: Architects: Maike Hübner, Esperanza Campaña, Borja Ganzabal, Harriet Camacho, Marta Torre
Identity and memory
Time builds. The configuration of the block that occupies the old Jägerhof barracks reflects the clear accumulation of architectural operations that have happened over time. Its volumetric massiveness, the material and chromatic homogeneity, the regular composition of openings and the unique building typology in those buildings of old military use define it. The urban image and the existence of an empty space inside have been relevant, in our opinion, in the construction of the local memory. It recognizes the desire to provide the city with deprogrammed interior spaces to make the functional demands of the block itself, the neighborhood and the city more flexible. Our proposal defines a new "layer" that dialogues with historical buildings by contrast. It is proposed to continue narrating the history of the block of the Jägerhof Barracks, attending to the domestic demands of our time and considering the possibilities that the current technology offers. And all this with the aim, not to alter the memory of the city, but to continue constructing it.
A neighborhood of interior spaces
The demand for new housing makes it necessary to incorporate new buildings, so the interior of the block is occupied with two small residential volumes. In addition two other compact pieces complete the "ring" of the block, thus reinforcing its inner character of "surrounded space", "central space". The last operation consists of fitting into one of the existing buildings some bodies that improve and increase the connection of future dwellings with the space of the block yard. With this, the perimeter of the central patio of the block is surrounded by a new structure of facades that give unity to the whole.
The nursery is linked to this place, with its daily activity linked to play and learning. It is carried out in a playground that is articulated with the collective space. The public use of the interior of the block is reinforced with the program of commercial use located in the east-west transverse opening. This new street makes the interior of the old barracks stop being an isolated place to become a fold of the city with public access. On the west side of the block, and within the redevelopment of the Red Cross building, the rest of the commercial program is arranged.
The massiveness that transmits the image of the facades of the old barracks buildings expresses the way of constructing a historical moment associated with certain technical capacities. In front of the wall of the old military buildings, solid and continuous, which marks a precise limit, the new facade is light and dynamic. Light for its glassy, ??transparent materiality, which shows the spatial depth of the terraces, and dynamic by the movement of the closure that delimits it with the exterior. Both qualities are directed to the achievement of two fundamental objectives: first, connecting the interior of the house with the central garden; the second, to thermally regulate the interior of the dwellings by means of a space where the temperature of the air can be regulated by the greenhouse effect.
From the point of view of functionality, the facade-space is a terrace or an extra space of the dwellings where a functional flexibility is introduced with mechanisms that dynamize the use of the interior space. With the contrast between both facade systems, the differentiation between the proposed action and each of the interventions that have occurred over time is evident. The objective is to make possible through the proposed intervention the recognition and reading of the different layers that have built the history of this unique place of the city of Ludwigsburg and with it to contribute to its memory.